From a sermon by St. Peter Chrysologus, Bishop and Doctor of the Church:
There are three things, my brethren, by which faith stands firm, devotion remains constant, and virtue endures. They are prayer, fasting and mercy. Prayer knocks at the door, fasting obtains, mercy receives. Prayer, mercy and fasting: these three are one, and they give life to each other.
Fasting is the soul of prayer, mercy is the lifeblood of fasting. Let no one try to separate them; they cannot be separated. If you have only one of them or not all together, you have nothing. So if you pray, fast; if you fast, show mercy; if you want your petition to be heard, hear the petitions of others. If you do not close your ear to others you open God’s ear to yourself.
When you fast, see the fasting of others. If you want God to know that you are hungry, know that another is hungry. If you hope for mercy, show mercy. If you look for kindness, show kindness. If you want to receive, give. If you ask for yourself what you deny to others, your asking is a mockery.
Let this be the pattern for all men when they practice mercy: show mercy to others in the same way, with the same generosity, with the same promptness, as you want others to show mercy to you.
Therefore, let prayer, mercy and fasting be one single plea to God on our behalf, one speech in our defense, a threefold united prayer in our favor.
Let us use fasting to make up for what we have lost by despising others. Let us offer our souls in sacrifice by means of fasting. There is nothing more pleasing that we can offer to God, as the psalmist said in prophecy: A sacrifice to God is a broken spirit; God does not despise a bruised and humbled heart.
Offer your soul to God, make him an oblation of your fasting, so that you soul may be a pure offering, a holy sacrifice, a living victim, remaining you own and at the same time made over to God. Whoever fails to give this to God will not be excused, for if you are to give him yourself you are never without the means of giving.
To make these acceptable, mercy must be added. Fasting bears no fruit unless it is watered by mercy. Fasting dries up when mercy dries up. Mercy is to fasting as rain is to the earth. However much you may cultivate your heart, clear the soil of your nature, root out vices sow virtues, if you do not release the springs of mercy, your fasting will bear no fruit.
When you fast, if your mercy is thin your harvest will be thin; when you fast, what you pour out in mercy overflows into your barn. Therefore, do not lose by saving, but gather in by scattering. Give to the poor, and you give to yourself. You will not be allowed to keep what you have refused to give to others.
**Note from Fr. Ben:
Mercy is of such great importance in our spiritual life, and for us as members of the Confraternity of Our Lady of Mercy, that we commit ourselves to practicing the works of mercy on a regular basis, especially the spiritual works of mercy — having received the mercy of the Lord in His forgiveness of our abortions and related sins, we have an obligation to share His Divine Mercy with others. Please re-read the page on “Mercy” on the header of this website.
As for fasting, here are a few ideas: I know one young lady who has renounced ice cream (which she loves) as an offering to God for the end of abortion. She will not eat ice cream again until Roe v. Wade is overturned. I know of another person who has given up soda as a spiritual offering for the spiritual welfare of a certain priest. Fasting can take many forms, but we need to make fasting a regular part of our spiritual life. Remember that even a small act like denying yourself an extra cup of coffee can be a form of fasting — as long as it is done for Love of Almighty God.